As early as 1877, prehistoric burials and artifacts were discovered in a cave on the East Steubenville hillside (See 1877 on Timeline). In 1938, The West Virginia Archaeological Society found more remains of a 4000-year old Native American encampment now called the East Steubenville site. It was perched 300 feet on a hillside above Route 2. The site contained human skeletal remains of six prehistoric burials. In 1999, archaeologists attempted to record and remove many of the thousands of artifacts before the site was destroyed by the expansion of WV Route 2. A reburial ceremony occurred at the Highland Hills Memorial Gardens for the skeletal remains.
- Annual Meeting of the West Virginia Archeological Society, November 1, 2003. http://wvarch.org/default.asp?name=Annual%20Meeting%20-%202003