1768 – Mingo Indians Leave “Old Mingo Bottom”

The next important stage for the English settlers and Indians occurred in 1768 when a treaty was made between six Indian nations and the British.  To the dismay of the Mingo Indians, the treaty gave all territory east of the Ohio River, including present day West Virginia, to the English settlers. The Mingo Indians living at Old Mingo Bottom (Follansbee) were forced to move across the river to what is now Mingo Junction. The river became the boundary between the settlers and Indians. Yet Indian artifacts suggest that these Indians lived on both sides of the river over many generations. It was easy for them to walk across or canoe from shore to shore. Indian camps existed south of Follansbee in the bottoms at the old Boyd farm where Cross Creek empties into the Ohio River. Indian resistance continued after 1768 as British settlers pushed westward. Realizing the potential of the Ohio Valley, George Washington began inspecting the region and making claims in 1770.